Priority Programs, Projects and Activities

Rehabilitation of mined-out areas in large-scale mining operations, quarried areas in small scale mining operations, degraded grasslands in forest land, grazing management areas, degraded ancestral domain areas covered by CADT (Certificate of Ancestral Domain Title), degraded multiple-use zones in protected areas, degraded uplands in Community-based Forest Management Areas and degraded mangrove areas are the major challenges of MDARRC. These challenges are brought about by the need to meet the increasing demand for food, forest resources and products and huge appetite for minerals and by-products. It is a fact that more than 80% of the materials and products utilized by the world’s population comes from mining. The end result of these demands are degradation of lands and land cover resources. Hence, the greater concentration of efforts is to optimize productivity of these land resources.

The enormous task for MDARRC’s Expert’s pool is to generate technologies that are economically viable as well as biologically sustainable. This is already being achieved in many industrialized countries. Yet rehabilitating degraded areas is still relatively new in MDARRC’s field of endeavor, and little is known about local conditions and problems that may limit yields – poor water and nutrient levels in the soil, erosion, genetic stock variation and improper site preparation, for example.

Under the direction of Dr. Bighani M. Manipula, MDARRC is engaged in a number of research studies designed to generate information and technologies that will improve soil fertility and boost productivity of these areas over successive generations. Technology generation and extension are complementary functions to achieve the common objective of increasing productivity of these degraded areas and improve the physical landscape. Technology transfer and extension will complement the implementation of strategic research, technology generation, technology testing, considering that after this activities will be undertaken, the project/study will proceed with the extension aspect of the research cycle. Technology characterization will come into perspective in this interplay from strategic research to extension activities which would now include establishment of demonstration areas, and evaluation of the technologies that were extended to target beneficiaries/stakeholders.

Program Title   :   RDE Action Program to Stabilize MineD-Out and Degraded Areas Through Rehabilitation Technologies

This will be the banner program of MDARRC for the next eight years starting CY 2015 to 2022. There will be eight major Projects that will address the various concerns on environment and natural resources management, protection and conservation. Four (4) of these projects are already on-going and will continue to be implemented until 2022. The project on Generation of Technologies to Rehabilitate Degraded Mangrove Areas will end on CY 2016 considering that this area of Research is under the area of responsibility already of the Biodiversity Coastal, Wetland and Ecotourism Research Center(BCWERC). Four Projects will be implemented starting CY 2017 to 2021. Project 8, Client-Based Technology Transfer and Extension to Stabilize Mined-Out and Degraded Areas will cut across the seven (7) projects as this will support the extension aspect of the technologies generated by the Center.

Project 1 : Generation and TRANSFER of Technologies TO   Rehabilitate Degraded Ancestral Domain Areas

Study 1.       :           Phytological control of Imperata cylindrica in Degraded Ancestral Domain Areas

Restoration of environmentally damaged ecosystems and its productivity and improved quality of life is one of the mandates and priority concerns of the Center.

This study is proposed considering that vast areas of cogon lands are presently found in the    Ancestral Domain areas of Talaingod, Davao del Norte. Repeated burning through the   practice of slash and burn or kaingin farming systems has left the area with deficient soil as      indicated by the presence of cogon (Imperata cylindrica). It is indeed a great challenge to   researchers to make these areas productive again.

Shading has been found to be effective in controlling cogon. Lack of sufficient light necessary for      plant growth and development inhibits the growth of plants under shade which eventually lead to      its death.

Use of plants and trees that are known to have thick and dense foliage and large leaves and has high economic value shall be tested in this study and assessed as to their efficiency in eradicating cogon and at the same time provide economic benefits of Lumad farmers, hence this study.

4.1 Activities:

4.1.1. Identification of the study site

Site identification shall include coordination meetings with DENR PENROs and CENROs, LGUs and POs re: possible sites of degraded and cogonal areas within their area of jurisdiction.

Communication letters to these offices shall be prepared and delivered for technical assistance of concerned offices.

Reconnaissance survey of the proposed sites shall be conducted to evaluate the possible sites and identify the most accessible and suitable site.

4.1.2. Development of Database

Database for the project shall be developed. This shall include generation of map for the study site thru GIS mapping technology.

Other data shall include bio-physical data such as slope, aspect, elevation, vegetation, climatic and edaphic data.

4.1.3. Capability Building

To ensure the success of this project, the staff and farmer-cooperator involved in this project shall undergo training and capacity building to enhance their skills in project implementation at the start of the project.

Training and capability building of the neighboring upland farmers on the proper protocol for the establishment of the most suitable technology as a result of this study shall be conducted after the establishment of the 5 hectare demonstration area on the last year of project implementation.

4.1.4. Establishment of Experimental Plots

Experimental plots in RCBD with 3 replications shall be established in cogonal areas of the Certificate of Ancestral Domain Tenure (CADT) Areas in the municipality of Talaingod, Davao del Norte.

Treatments shall be six phytological or plant species that have large and dense foliage and spreading canopy which can provide adequate shade for eradication of cogon.

The following treatments shall be used in the study including the following:

T1 – yemane                                                            

T2 – marang banguhan

T3 – mahogany

T4 – mangosteen

T5 – durian

T6 – rubber

Each treatment shall use 30 test plants (species) at a spacing of 4m x 5m or 20 sq m or a total of 180 seedlings for each block and 540 seedlings for the whole study.

Each plot measures 600 sq meters or 20 m x 30 m, with 3,600 sq m for each block and 10,800 sq       m or 1.08 hectares for the whole study.

4.1.5   Production of planting materials

Seedlings of tree species such as marang banguhan, yemane and mahogany shall be raised in the nursery for four months prior to field planting.

Other high value tree species such as grafted durian and rubber, mangosteen shall be procured from accredited nursery.

4.1.6. Field Planting

Planting shall be conducted at the onset of the rainy season. Site preparation shall include spot ring weeding at 0.5 m radius around each plant.

4.1.7.   Maintenance of the study site

Spot clearing of cogon and weeds around each plant shall be conducted regularly. Application of inorganic and organic and fertilizers and mycorrhiza shall be conducted also regularly to ensure proper growth and development of the planted trees. All trees should receive equal amount of  fertilizer and mycorrhiza.

4.1.8. Data Collection

For edaphic data, soil sampling shall be conducted after laying out of plot. Composite soil sampling shall be conducted for each plot and block. Analysis shall be conducted at the DA Soil Laboratory in Bangoy, Davao City.

Rainfall data shall be collected from a manual rain gauge installed in the study site to monitor daily and monthly rainfall.

Periodic data collection for survival and tree heights shall be conducted. For the first year, data  shall be collected two days after planting for the initial data and every three months thereafter. For the succeeding years data shall be collected every six months until the fifth year.

4.1.9. Data Analysis

Analysis of the growth parameters and survival shall be done using RCBD and comparison of treatment means shall be conducted using the LSD test.

4.1.10. Report preparation

Monthly, quarterly and annual reports shall be prepared and submitted to ERDB.

4.1.11. Preparation of IEC Materials

A one page flyer shall be produced on the first year of project implementation for information dissemination about the project objectives.

A Technical Bulletin shall be prepared and published based on the findings of the study for      information dissemination.

4.1.12. Establishment of 5 – ha demonstration area

After the project completion in year 2020, a five hectare demonstration plantation of the most effective technology for cogon eradication shall be established. A contiguous cogonal site with an area of about 5 hectares shall be established as a demonstration area and learning destination.

A visitors’ center shall be constructed in the site to cater to visitors and the general public since the aim is to make the place as a learning centre for improved productivity of a previously degraded/unproductive area.

4.1.13. Attendance to International Research Conference/Forum

The results of this study shall hopefully be presented during an International Research Conference/Forum for information dissemination.

4.1.14. Policy Recommendations

Development of policy recommendation shall be undertaken based on the findings of the study. Protocols for the technologies applied shall be documented as basis for policy recommendations and decision-making.

4.2 .   Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For forest resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Revised Forestry Code with the pending Sustainable Forest Management Bill in Congress, the Revised Forestry Master Plan serves as the reference for RDE program implementation.

As per Executive Order 366 which outlines the Rationalization Plan of the Government including the Reorganization of the DENR and the ERDB, the Mining and Degraded Areas Rehabilitation Research Center was established together with the six other research centers in the country.

Part of its mandate is to craft formulation of policies that will address the concerns of the mined-out and degraded areas of the country and its rehabilitation strategies to increase productivity.

This study is proposed considering that vast areas of cogon lands are presently found in the uplands of Talaingod, Davao del Norte. Repeated burning through the practice of slash and burn or kaingin farming systems has left the area with deficient soil as indicated by the presence         of cogon (Imperata cylindrica). It is indeed a great challenge to researchers to make these areas productive again.

4.3. Deliverables for the Pipeline Study:

STUDY copy

4.4. Investment Requirement

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Project 2:   Generation and Transfer of Technologies to    Rehabilitate Degraded Community Based Forest Management Areas

Study 1. Appropriate Technologies to Eliminate Cogonal Areas within Community Based Forest Management Areas (CBFMA).

This study aims to restore soil nutrients and increase crop productivity of cogon lands and other degraded areas to help uplift the economic condition of farmers in Brgy. El Salvador, New Corella, Davao del Norte. Rehabilitation strategies shall include planting of trees and cover crops treated with fungi such as mycorrhiza to help source out nutrients and enhance plant growth and development.

4.2.1 Activities:

1. Identification of study site

  • Coordination meeting with concerned DENR PENROs and CENROs, LGUs and POs re possible sites of degraded and cogonal areas within their area of jurisdiction. Communication letters to these offices shall be prepared and delivered for technical assistance of concerned offices.
  • Conduct of reconnaissance survey of possible sites identified by the CENROs and POs which meet the requirements of the study. Area to be selected shall be dominantly covered with cogon (Imperata cylindrica) with slope of about 20% or higher.

2. Establishment of the study

2.1. Seedling/ Cover Crop Production /Procurement

Seedling production shall include seed collection, germination and potting of three species of trees such as molave, white lauan and dao seedlings applied with mycorrhiza during potting activity following standard nursery protocols. For cover crops such as peanut vine, cuttings shall be used and raised in the nursery before field planting.

Grafted durian shall be used and shall be procured from accredited nursery operators to ensure seedling quality.

2.2. Field lay-out of experimental plots and blocks

Field lay-out shall be conducted including ground survey and staking of boundaries. Blocks shall be established at the base, middle portion and topmost portion of the slope of about 30 % the area selected.

Treatments shall include tree species to be tested in the area such as : T1 – molave + mycorrhiza , T2 – molave without mycorrhiza, T3 – white lauan + mycorrhiza, T4 – white lauan without mycorrhiza, T5 – dao + mycorrhiza, T6 – dao without mycorrhiza and T7 – control (durian only). Durian shall be interplanted with tree seedlings in all treatments including the control plot.

Activities shall include measurement of plots and staking of plot boundaries. Each plot shall measure 10 m x 12 m and a total of 7 plots shall be established per block and 21 plots for the whole study.

2.3. Site preparation

Site shall be prepared by using Ground Plus herbicide to hasten eradication of cogon.

2.4. Field Planting

Field planting of forest trees shall be conducted at a spacing of 2 m x 3 m. Cover crops shall be  planted at a spacing of 0.5 m x 0.5 m. Grafted seedlings of durian shall be planted in between trees at a spacing of 4 m x 5 m.

3. Training

Training shall be conducted for staff involved in the project to capacitate them on proper seedling production, nursery management and plantation care, maintenance and protection.

4. Establishment of erosion plots

Erosion plots shall be established with one erosion plot per treatment to monitor the soil erosion per treatment combination.

5. Data collection

Data on survival shall be collected monthly for the first three months after planting and every quarter thereafter. Height growth shall be collected also quarterly for the first year and every six months thereafter for the succeeding years. Since this is an action research, species that had poor survival and performance shall be replaced with seedlings of another species.

Rainfall data shall be collected from the nearest PAGASA station to correlate growth with amount of rainfall.

6. Data encoding/analysis and report writing

7. Preparation and publication of IEC material

8. Policy Document

Results of the study can be translated into policy directions for the department’s perusal for improvement of grassland ecosystem management in CBFM areas.

4.2.2   Policy   Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For forest resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Revised Forestry Code with the pending Sustainable Forest Management Bill in Congress, the Revised Forestry Master Plan serves as the reference for RDE program implementation.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

The newly created Mining and Degraded Areas Rehabilitation Research Center under the Rationalized Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau operates on a national policy to rehabilitate degraded mined-out and degraded areas for environmental protection and socio-economic upliftment towards improved quality of life. To achieve this, the center is mandated to conduct researches towards generation of technologies related to mining and degraded areas rehabilitation and management in accordance with the national RDE Agenda developed by the bureau.

This project shall study the various rehabilitation strategies to restore soil nutrients and increase crop productivity of cogon lands and other degraded areas to help uplift the economic condition of farmers in the uplands.

4.2.3 Deliverables for the On-going and Future Projects

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4.2.4 Investment Requirements Per Year (2016-2021)

 

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4.2.5 Pipeline Studies

Study 2 –   Screening of Multi-Purpose Tree Species as Hedge Rows in an Alley Cropping System in Community Based Forest Management Areas

Study 3 –   Improving Perennial Crop Yield through Liming and Fertilization Technologies in CBFM Sites

Study 4 – Assessment of Nitrogen-fixing Tree Species in Degraded Community Based Forest Management Areas

4.5.1. Budgetary Requirements for Other Pipeline Studies for 2018-2021

Study 2 –   P 1,393,000.00

Study 3 –   P 1,293,000.00

Study 4 –   P   983,000.00

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

4.3   Deliverables for the on-going and future projects

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4.4   Investment Requirements per year

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Study 2. Improving Survival of Planted Mangrove Seedlings in Exposed Areas Using Bamboo as Wave Attenuators

This study aims to assess the effectiveness of different models of wave attenuators in terms of improving the survival of newly planted mangrove seedlings and cost of establishment.

4.3.2.1     Activities

2.1.1. Establishment of Bamboo Wave Attenuators in Pilot site 1

Experimental plantation with Bamboo Wave Attenuators shall be established in priority areas affected by recent typhoons in conjunction with the Mangrove and Beach Forest Development Project currently implemented in the Province of Davao Oriental.

2.1.2 Enhancement and Validation of Mangrove Database

Existing secondary data of the two regions covered by the Mining and Degraded Areas Rehabilitation and Research Center coming from various information sources shall be collected and developed into a working database for planning and decision making. This database will be validated and will give information as to existing and vegetated mangrove areas as well as areas open for plantation establishment.

2.1.3 Establishment of Bamboo Wave Attenuators in pilot site 2

A second experimental plantation shall be established in other areas and adjustments of lessons learned from the initial experimentation shall be applied to polish the technology for a cost effective and general application.

2.1.4 Development of policy recommendations from generated and proven technologies

All lessons learned from the experimentation shall be packaged into a working technology that can be used by clients particularly Mangrove Rehabilitation Implementers. Furthermore, information developed can be lobbied for policy refinement on such concerns.

2.1.5 Publication of IEC material

An IEC shall be prepared, packaged and submitted for publication in a technical publication.

4.3.2.2. Policy Direction Based from Priority PPAs

For RDE programs implementation on Coastal and Marine Resources Management, the Fisheries Code and the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act must be observed.

For forest resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Revised Forestry      Code with the pending Sustainable Forest Management Bill in Congress, the Revised Forestry Master Plan serves as the reference for RDE program implementation

The significance of this research is to develop a cost effective method of reducing      wave energy to provide support to newly planted seedlings to develop a sufficiently strong root system. This in turn will allow them to withstand wave action and increasing its survival as affected by physical factors.

It is the hoped that generated technologies from this study will be incorporated and    considered in the revisions or development of new policies relating to mangrove    rehabilitation and restoration efforts.

4.3.2.3 Deliverables for On-Going Project

 

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4.3.2.4 Investment Requirements (2015-2016)

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Investment requirement to generate this action research for the next five years will total close to five (5) million pesos. This will cover the materials for the establishments of the research sites as well as the necessary equipment and instruments in generating data.

Project 4.   Generation and TRANSFER of Technologies to Rehabilitate Degraded Multiple Use Zone in Protected Areas

Study1. Appropriate Technologies to Rehabilitate Multiple Use Zone of Allah Valley Protected Landscape in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato

This study aims to generate and develop sustainable technologies to rehabilitate multiple use zone in protected areas, specifically to develop standard cost per technology per hectare in rehabilitating these areas.

4.4.1.1 Activities

1.Reconnaissance survey of the study site

The initial degraded protected terrestrial area which shall be the study site shall be identified from the list of protected areas in the two regions under the jurisdiction of the Research Center. Priority site selection shall be given to areas within the location of the research center and or satellite office of the research center.

2.Consultation with the Stakeholders

The stakeholders of the specific protected area to be rehabilitated shall be consulted at the start of the study implementation. They shall be informed of the purpose and ultimate objectives of the study and its future impact on the environment and people within the protected area.

The views, opinions, suggestions and recommendations of the stakeholders shall be processed and analyzed. The same shall be referred to the existing policies, laws and orders relative to the management of protected area.

3.Delineation of the study site

The study site with a total area of five (5) hectares shall be delineated on the ground. Technical staff shall assist in the delineation using the Global Information System (GIS). A GIS map shall be prepared for the study for planning purposes.

4.Benchmarking of the study site

The physical, demographic and socio-economic parameters shall be gathered by the technical staff. These parameters shall be put in database for data management.

5.Database Management

The parameters that will be gathered during benchmarking shall be converted into a database to be called as “Protected Area Database”

6.Capability Building of Technical Staff

The technical staff shall be capacitated through orientation, training or coaching on the various aspects of study implementation.

7.Capacity Building/Skills Enhancement of Stakeholders

The stakeholders together with the project staff shall be capacitated through cross-visits, actual field demonstration of activities, orientation and on-site study implementation. The concept of action research shall involve the stakeholders in all aspects of study implementation.

8.Establishment of Experimental Plots and Application of Rehabilitation Treatments.

The study shall be established using the Randomized Complete Block

Design (RCBD) with four treatments and five replications in a sloping area with slope of about 40%.

Four plots measuring 8 m x 20 m, with 2.0 m isolation strips between   plots shall be established in each block. The following treatments shall be used:

T1. Traditional – no conservation practice applied.

T2. Contour Tillage – Plowing the soil following the contour line.

T3. Hedgerows (Leguminous Shrub) – Vegetation strips of flemingia planted across the slope.

T4. Hedgerows (Lemon grass) – Vegetation strips of lemon grass planted across the slope.

Blocks shall be slope location, that is two upper slopes, two middle slopes and one down slope.

 9.Field Lay-out:

Block I

T3 T2 T4 T1

Block II

T1

T3 T2

T4

Block III

T3

T4 T1

T2

Block IV

T2

T1 T4

T3

Block V

T4

T1 T3

T2

Initial activity shall be site preparation, to include establishment of contour line using A-Frame. Plots shall be established based on the specified uniform lay-out following the contour lines. All plots will be planted with corn for two successive cropping and to be followed by peanut for another two cropping.

Finding the contour lines:

One leg of the A-frame is planted on the ground while the other leg is swung until the carpenter’s level shows that both legs are touching the ground on the same level. The spot where the rear leg stands is marked with a stake. The same level finding process is repeated with stakes every 2-3 meters distance along the way until one complete contour line is laid out, and until the whole slope is covered. The closer the contour lines to each other, the more potential erosion control occurs. Also, more nutrient-rich biomass is produced and made available to the crops growing in the alley.

Surface runoff plots measuring 1 m x 8 m with a depth of 30 cm shall be established within each treated plot. The runoff plots shall be bounded by steel sheet buried to a depth of 30 cm. Runoff from individual plots shall be collected every after rain. If the rain occur in the evening to dawn, run-off shall be collected 1st hour in the morning and shall be recorded in terms of its dry weight on a per kilogram basis.

Appropriate statistical tools shall be used in the analysis of data. Rehabilitation treatment results shall be subjected to analysis of variance or other analysis that will fit to the data gathered. Comparative analysis for rehabilitation treatments shall also be done.

All data and observations shall be properly recorded to form part of the Protected Area Data Base.

 10.Analysis of Data

Appropriate statistical tools shall be used in the analysis of data which shall be subjected to analysis of variance and comparison of treatment means shall also be done.

11.Preparation of Manual

A manual for rehabilitation of specific degraded protected area shall be prepared by the staff. This shall be subjected for critiquing and review prior to final production.

12.Establishment of Demonstration Area

A five hectare demonstration area shall be established to showcase the best technology generated from the study.

4.4.1.2 Policy Directions Based from Priority PPA’s

For protected areas management, the RDE programs aim to support the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act (RA 7586), The Wildlife Act (RA 9147) and the National         Caves and Cave Resources Management and Protection Act (RA 9072).

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

For forest resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Revised Forestry Code with the pending Sustainable Forest Management Bill in Congress, the Revised Forestry Master Plan serves as the reference for RDE program implementation.

4.4.1.3 Deliverables for the On-Going and Future Studies

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4.4.1.4 Investment Requirements Per Year

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4.4.1.5     Pipeline Projects

 

Study 2.    Extension Approaches for the Rapid Diffusion of Rehabilitation Technologies in Degraded   Multiple -Use Zone Of Protected Areas.

Efforts for the pipeline study/project will focus on the following activities and deliverables:

  • Diffusion of Rehabilitation Technologies thru the following:
    • Demonstration area establishment/Pilot Testing
    • Radio Broadcast/
    • Training/Technology Demonstration
    • Packaged Information Print/Video Materials/Exhibits

4.4.2.1 Deliverables

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4.4.2.2   Investment Requirements per Year

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Project 5: Generation and Transfer of Technologies to Rehabilitate Mine Waste AreAS

 Study 1:          Phytoremediation for Mercury-Contaminated Mine Waste Area        

The currently increasing mining operations in the Philippines can be viewed as economic boaster that may propel the country towards higher degree or level of development. However, this has potential threat to the integrity of the environment if the activities is not properly regulated.

The main concern in mining operation is the pollution of the soil and water by mercury that is used to extract the gold mineral. This mercury which is a heavy metal can be fatal if absorbed in the body of humans and animals.

There are reports that in Monkayo, Compostela Valley Province river system, mercury level exceeded the standard (0.12 mg/liter of water). Soil is also highly contaminated and already absorbed by food grain such as rice grain (0.103 g Hq/kilogram of rice grain).

The pollution of water and soil brought about by the mercury can be remedied by various ways. On the level of large scale mining operators, the use of infrastructure and sophisticated equipment is achievable. However, in the case of small scale mining operators, this may be too costly for them to consider. Nonetheless, there is promising effect of natural healing process of arresting environmental pollution particularly metallic pollution of mercury. This process is phyto remediation wherein plants are used to absorb mercury from the water bodies and soil. The plants are screened as to level of toxic metal accumulation.

4.5.1    Activities

4.5.1.1 Implementation of the study

The study will be implemented in the mining/gold processing areas of Compostela Valley Province. The study will be established by a one-site-at-a-time scheme.

The study will be conducted in Brgy, Naboc, Monkayo, and in Brgy. Masara, Maco in Compostela Valley.

4.5.1.2 Establishment of Study Plots

The experimental plots will be established in the mine waste area (mine tailings dump site) and the contaminated body of water (river located in the mining area).

2.1 Experimental Treatments:

a. Mine Waste Area

Treatments shall be five species of plants considered as toxic metal accumulators which will be tested in the study site. For each species considered, 75 plants will be planted in a plot with three replications.

Blocks or replicates shall be location, 10 m, 30 m and 50 m from the mining dump site.

b. Contaminated Body of Water

Treatments shall be five species of aquatic plants considered as toxic metal accumulators and will be tested in the section of the river in the project site. For each species considered, 75 plants will be planted per plot with three replications.

Replications or blocks shall be distance of the river tributary from the mining area, that is, 1 km, 2 km and 4 km from the mining area.

2.2 Data Gathering/Parameters to be assessed

To validate the potential of the test plants as mercury accumulators, plant parts will be submitted to the laboratory for plant tissue analysis to determine the level of mercury the plants can collect.

Data on the growth and survival of the test plants will be gathered to determine the ability of the plants to thrive in the contaminated sites.

2.3 Development of Policy Recommendations

The data which the study generates will be used to develop a technology that becomes the basis for policy recommendation for the rehabilitation of the mine waste areas and water bodies, particularly the mercury-contaminated sites.

4.5.1.3 Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines mining Act of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and People’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act 7076.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the Local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

For environmental management, the RDE programs aim to support the Clean Water Act (RA 9275). The RDE program implementation fully observed the Revised Procedural Manual on Environmental Impact Assessment of Department Administrative Order No. 2003-30.

The study is therefore considered to identify plants species capable of degrading or     removing pollutants like mercury from the mine waste areas and water bodies.

4.5.1.4 Deliverables for the On-going and Future Projects

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4.5.1.5 Investment Requirements per Year (2016-2019)

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*Wages for 1 Contractual Laborer              **Wages for 1 Contractual Laborer + 1 Research Technician

4.5.1.6        Pipeline Projects     

Study 2. Performance of Indigenous Plant Species As Mercury Accumulator In Mine Waste Areas.

Study 3. Attenuation of Mercury Contamination In Mine Tailings Site Using Ornamental Plants

4.5.1.7  Investment Requirements per Year (2016-2019)

Study 2. Performance Of Indigenous Plant Species As Mercury Accumulator In Mine Waste Areas

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Study 3. Attenuation of Mercury Contamination In Mine Tailings Site Using Ornamental Plants

Investment Requirements – P4,500,000.00

PROJECT 6.   Generation and Transfer of Technologies to Rehabilitate Mined-Out Areas

Study 1.   Rehabilitation of Degraded Small Scale Mining Areas

This study shall be implemented at Diwalwal Mineral Reservation Area located at Mt. Diwata, Monkayo, Compostela Valley and in Cotabato, Region XII.

4.6.1.1 Activities

  1. This study shall be implemented based on the conceptual framework as shown below in Figure 1.

Figure 1. The Input – Intervention –Output Model

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The above-cited model will be adopted as guide in the implementation of the study. The input-intervention-output model consists of the following:

  1. Input – includes human resources, budgets, logistics and coordinative works, planning, situational analysis, database management, action plans and implementation activities. Preliminary results shall be prepared periodically as the project progresses.
  2. Intervention – includes diagnosis on failing strategies, action on failing strategies, alternative strategies, and adoption of workable alternative strategies by the community.
  3. Output – includes the result of the rehabilitation strategies and its impact after employing the strategies. This can be translated into environmental conditions such as improved soil cover, improved soil condition, improved environment, LGU/community best practices and readily available database. Also, this can be translated into a model of rehabilitation strategies and basis of policy recommendation

1.Data Base Development

All available information/data relative to the experimental site shall be collected and analyzed. The data/information shall be converted into a database. Site characterization shall include general site description such as classification of degraded mining area, specific location accessibility, boundaries, micro-climate, ecological. This includes topographical features (terrain/slope, elevation, aspect) and geologic features (type and nature of rock deposits, physical characteristics, erosion description of the soil

2.Eight experimental treatments shall be used such as planting of tree clones and seedlings as follows: T1 – white lauan clones, T2 – white lauan seedlings,T3 – bakan clones, T4 – bakan seedlings,T5 – dao clones, T6 – dao seedlings,T7 – mangasinoro clones, T8 – mangasinoro seedlings.

3.Size of plots/blocks

Seedlings shall be planted at a spacing of 2 m x 3 m. Each plot measures 10 m x 12 m or 120 sq meters or 30 plants per plot or 240 seedlings per block and 720 seedlings for the whole study. Blocks shall be slope location, that is down slope, middle slope and top slope.

The parameters to be measured are as follows: survival rate and total height (cm).Survival shall be monitored on a monthly basis for the first six months and quarterly thereafter. Height measurement shall be done one month after planting. Successive measurements shall be every quarter for three years.

4.Collection and analysis of soil samples

Soil samples from the experimental plots shall be collected and submitted to the Soils Laboratory for physical and chemical analyses.

5.Monitoring and evaluation

Regular field monitoring shall be conducted to assess the progress of field implementation of the study. Results of the study shall be presented during the Annual In-House Review of On-going Studies conducted by ERDB.

6.Capacity-building

Capacity building shall be conducted through trainings and seminars of the community. This includes gender and development (GAD) and ENR technology transfer.

4.6.1.2 Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines mining Act     of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and people’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act 7076.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

Based on the generated data from the study, a technology will be generated. This technology will be shared/adopted by the stakeholders in the target study area (Compostela Valley Province and    Cotabato). This technology shall be presented to respective LGU for policy formulation.

4.6.1.3 Deliverables for the on-going and future projects

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4.6.1.4 Investment Requirements per year

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Study 2:  Soil Amelioration and Mychorrhizal Application to Improve Rehabilitation of Mined-Out Areas           

Mined-out areas are considered infertile soil that cannot provide productive yield        to any crop planted thereat. This is the problem confronted by mining operators particularly large scale operators because they are mandated by law to bring back to the original state of that area after its use.

There are existing technologies that may address that problem. Some were tested but did not last long because the effect is not sustaining resulting to unsuccessful rehabilitation. However, there is promising result of efforts undertaken to improve the process of vegetating the mined-out areas. One of them is the use of mycorrhiza and products of organic method of farming particularly the use of vermicast. Once the soil fertility is improved, the potential of success in rehabilitation of mined out areas is very high. This is due to the fact that any crop or tree planted in that impoverished areas once supplied initially with essential requirements for growth will lead to its stability, hence the growth will be sustained resulting to its successful rehabilitation.

4.6.2.1 Activities:                          

1.Site Survey and characterization

Reconnaissance survey and characterization of the site will be conducted to initially assess the site condition.

2.Establishment of the study

Planting Stock Production

Seedlings of the selected tree species shall be raised for four months in the nursery using a standard soil medium mixture of processed topsoil and carbonized rice hull potted in a 4 inches x 6 inches x 0.02 mm polyethylene potting bags. Each pot shall be filled first to about 1/3 of its volume and five grams of mycorrhiza will be added and spread evenly on the top layer. The remaining 2/3 space shall be covered with the soil medium. Destructive sampling of the sample seedlings shall be done to assess the root infection of the mycorrhiza on the seedlings before field planting. Cuttings of forage peanut shall also be collected and propagated in the nursery.

Field lay-out of experimental plots and blocks

Field lay-out shall be conducted including ground survey and staking of boundaries.

The study shall be conducted in simple RCBD replicated three times. Sixty seedlings will be used per treatment combination or a total of 1,080 seedlings for the whole study.

Size of the treatment plot will be 10 m x 24 m or 240 sq m per plot or 1,440 sq m per block and total of 4,320 sq m for the whole study. A buffer of about 2 meters in between plots shall be established thus about one hectare shall be used for the whole study.

Six treatments shall be used such as :T1 – molave + mycorrhiza, T2 – dao + mycorrhiza, T3 – falcata + mycorrhiza, T4 – molave without mycorrhiza, T5 – dao without mycorrhiza and T6 – falcata without mycorrhiza.

Blocks or replicates shall be slope location of the study area, that is top, middle and down slope portion.

3. Training

Training shall be conducted for staff involved in the project to build their capacity on proper seedling production, nursery management and plantation care, maintenance and protection.

4. Field planting

 Tree seedlings shall be planted at a spacing of 2 m x 3 m and about 60 experimental seedlings per plot or a total of 1080 experimental seedlings for the whole study will be used. A 30 cubic cm hole shall be prepared and ordinary garden soil shall be added 1/3 of its volume and 5 grams of mycorrhiza shall again be added and spread evenly at the top of the soil and the remaining 2/3 space will be covered with the ordinary garden soil. The additional soil amendments and the exact amount shall be added as per recommendation from the Department of Agriculture Soils Laboratory.

Creepers shall be planted at a spacing of 0.5 m x 0.5 m. A small hole enough to contain the planting material shall be prepared and mycorrhiza shall also be added and covered with small amount of soil before the planting of the creepers.

Experimental plants shall be planted at the onset of the rainy season.

5. Data Collection

Survival data for trees shall be collected one month after planting and every month thereafter for the first year and every quarter on the succeeding years. Height growth and basal area shall be measured one month after planting and quarterly thereafter.

For creepers, parameter shall include area covered and biomass. Data shall be collected one month after planting and every month thereafter for the first year and every quarter for the succeeding years.

Soil sampling shall be conducted per plot using composite sampling before the start of the study and at end of every year. Soil samples shall be submitted to a Soils Laboratory for analysis.

Rainfall data will be collected from the manual rain gauge which shall be installed at the project site and other climatic data shall be collected from the nearest PAGASA Weather Station to correlate with growth and development of plants.

6. Data encoding/analysis and report writing

7. Packaging of IEC material

8. Policy Document

4.6.2.2 Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines mining Act of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and people’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act 7076.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

For environmental management, the RDE programs aim to support the Clean Water Act (RA 9275). The RDE program implementation fully observed the Revised Procedural

Manual on Environmental Impact Assessment of Department Administrative Order No. 2003-30.

Since mining areas were already devoid of soil nutrients and microorganisms, this study will focus on various soils amendment technologies to initially provide a suitable environment for plants to grow normally in toxic and nutrient deficient soil.

4.6.2.3 Deliverables for Future Projects

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4.6.2.4 Investment Requirements Per Year (2017-2021)

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Study 3. Characterization and Introduction of Beneficial Soil Micro-Organisms to Improve Poor Plantation Sites

The study will be conducted in a selected poor and good site in the reforestation area of mining companies. This study aims to characterize and identify the presence of microorganisms and its contribution to             the growth enhancement of plants. This study hopes to; 1. Identify the promising soil micro-organism isolates using morphological, biochemical and molecular techniques; 2. Determine the presence of micro-organism within the soil environment of introduced species within the mined-out areas and rehabilitation site; and 3. Evaluate the extent of occurrence and         performance of tree seedlings applied with microorganism planted in poor sites.

4.6.3.1 Activities:

1. Coordination with the mining company.

Coordination meeting will be conducted with concerned PENRO-CENRO and Mining Company where the project will be located.

2. Reconnaissance Survey:

This study will be established within the identified mined-out area.

3. Soil Sample Collection

Soil sample will be collected in selected poor and good site of reforestation area. Soil samples will be characterized through its physical and chemical properties and will be analyzed in the   laboratory.Plant tissue analysis will also be analyzed in the laboratory.

4. Identification of growth-promoting microorganisms

Gram staining: Gram staining will be conducted to determine if the isolates are gram positive or gram negative.

Vitek 2 system: Isolates will be further characterized using VITEK 2 system. Characterization will be performed according to manufacturer’s instruction (VITEK 2 system, Biomerieux Inc.)

16S ribosomal DNA analysis: Molecular identification will be also conducted to further identify          the isolates through isolation of genomic DNA.

PCR amplification of 16S ribosomal DNA: PCR run will be performed using BIO-RAD MyCycler thermal cycler

Parameters to be assessed:

  1. Identification of species
  2. Number of species of microorganisms
  3. Population
  4. Raising of tree seedlings

Seedlings shall be raised in the nursery and applied with rhizobium during the potting activity.

Destructive sampling shall be conducted for extra seedlings to determine the extent of infection after four months in the nursery.

5. Planting of seedlings

Seedlings shall be planted at the onset of the rainy season to ensure survival rate.

6. Design of the experiment:

Three blocks shall be used in the study as slope location, that is top, middle and down slope of the planting site.

Six treatments shall be used in this study . These are three species of tree seedlings and 2 dominant species of rhizobia

T1 – Acacia auriculiformis + Rhizobia

T2 – Acacia auriculiformis without Rhizobia

T3 – Mahogany + Rhizobia

T4 – Mahogany without Rhizobia

T5 – Molave + Rhizobia

T6 – Molave without Rhizobia

T7 – Acacia mangium + Rhizobia

T8 – Acacia mangium without Rhizobia

4.6.3.2 Policy Directions based from Priority PPA’s

For forest resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Revised Forestry Code with the pending Sustainable Forest Management Bill in Congress, the Revised   Forestry Master Plan serves as the reference for RDE program implementation.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

4.6.3.3 Deliverables for Future Projects

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SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES:

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4.6.3.4 Investment Requirements Per Year (2017-2021)

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Study 4. Vegetation Dynamics of Mined-Out Areas

This study aims to generate information on the rehabilitation of mined-out areas through natural       succession of vegetation. It will also determine/identify floristic species composition in mined-out areas, stand structure, physical structure and chemical composition of mine     tailings, edaphic (soil), climatic factors and other physiographic characteristics of the study area.

4.6.4.1 Activities

1. Coordination with the Mining Company

The study leader/co-worker shall coordinate with the Mining Companies through its Social Corporate Social Relations/Community Relation in-Charge and the Reforestation In-Charge regarding the purpose of the study.

2. Reconnaissance Survey/Assessment

The study leader/co-worker shall conduct reconnaissance survey to assess the site preference suitable for the study.

3. Establishment of Experimental Plots

3.1. Two Experimental Plots – Two Experimental Plots shall be established measuring about 1.0 ha-plot. One for the un-mined portion of the Company shall be established. The other plot shall be established adjacent to the un-mined area approximately 500 meter to 1,000 meters distance depending on the topography of the site.

3.2. Establishments of Quadrats – For tree species, a 10m x 10m quadrat shall be established. For shrub species, a 5m x 5m shall be established. For herbs, a 10m x 10m shall be established.

3.3. Species Identification – All species shall be identified with in the quadrats. For trees, shrubs and herbs not identified a herbarium specimen shall be collected for proper identification. Tree species shall be marked and numbered from 1 ,2, 3 … nth (Appendix A). For shrubs and herbs tags shall placed in each species. While for grasses yellow ribbon shall tagged in each species.

3.4. Diameter at Breast Height (DBH) Classification – For trees, about 1.3 m as standard for DBH > 10m and up. For shrubs, a DBH of 5 – 10m. for herbs, stem diameter of < 5cm at the basal level.

3.5. Community of Grass – For grasses that will grow in the plot or sub-plot shall be counted and identified.

4. Field Lay-out – A 100 x 100m shall be laid-out (Figure 1)

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Where: ni = total value index

N = Total importance value of all species

  1. g) Whit’sford index = Abundance (A)

 

Frequency (freq)

If A/F ratio < 0.025: Regular distribution

0.025 – 0.05 : Random distribution

> 0.05 : Contagious or clumped distribution

  1. h) Shannon Weaver index of general diversity shall be calculated using the formula:

 

H = -Z (ni/N) In (ni/N)

 

Where: H = Shannon – Weaver index

ni = importance value index

N = total importance value of species

  1. h) Paradigm for Vegetation Dynamics in Mined-out Areas in Carmen Copper Corporation (Figure 20).

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6. Community Characteristics

A floristic composition such as species, genera and family in two observation plots.

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7. Monitoring and Evaluation

Initial measurement/assessment shall be conducted in two (2) experimental site. Another assessment shall be three (3) months after, 6 months and 12 months thereafter. After 1 year, assessment shall be done every 6 months up to the 3rd

8. Progress Report Preparation

A progress report shall be submitted on quarterly and annual basis. The company shall be provided with copies of report submitted.

4.6.4.2 Policy Directions based from Priority PPA’s

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines mining Act     of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and people’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act             7076.

For forest resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Revised Forestry Code         with the pending Sustainable Forest Management Bill in Congress, the Revised Forestry Master Plan serves as the reference for RDE program implementation.

For environmental management, the RDE programs aim to support the Clean Water Act (RA 9275). The RDE program implementation fully observed the Revised Procedural Manual on     Environmental Impact Assessment of Department Administrative Order No. 2003-30.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

4.6.4.3 Deliverables for Future Projects

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4.6.4.4  Investment Requirements Per Year (2017-2021)

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Study 5. Density of Climax Species Integrated with Existing Pioneer Species in Partially Improved Mined-Out Areas.

Under the Mining Act of 1995, the large scale mining operators are mandated to restore to its original state the areas they have mined and destroyed. The first phase of their activity in order to comply with the policy is to introduce pioneer species that will thrive in the impoverished area. This process is too long before the area could be stabilized to its original state where the dominant climax species in the tropics are the dipterocarps.

It has been observed that mined-out areas which were already initially revegetated by pioneer species have low natural recruitment of indigenous species like the dipterocarps and if ever some exist, the percentage of survival is too low and some could not survive. The reasons are not yet investigated intensely. However, deliberate planting of dipterocarps in between existing pioneer species could be a good alternative to speed up restoration of the area to its former vegetative cover. A study on the appropriate density for climax species integrated with existing pioneer species is therefore necessary to speed up original forest cover of the mined-out areas.

4.6.5.1  Activities

1. Implementation of the study

The study will be implemented in the mined-out / mine spoil dump site of mining companies.

2. Establishment of Study Plots

The experimental treatments are composed of six different densities and two dipterocarp species.

The six different densities are the following:

  • 2,500 seedlings per hectare
  • 1,600 seedlings per hectare
  • 1,111 seedlings per hectare
  • 816 seedlings per hectare
  • 625 seedlings per hectare
  • 400 seedlings per hectare

The study will be laid-out in a simple Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications or blocks which are slope location, that is topmost, middle and downslope portion.

3. Data Gathering/Parameters to be assessed

Data on the growth development and survival of the test plants will be gathered to determine the performance of the experimental plants in the project site as affected by different densities.

4. Development of Policy Recommendations

A draft policy document shall be prepared based on the result of the study. The policy can be adopted by the company for the rehabilitation of mine waste areas.

4.6.5.2 Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines mining Act of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and people’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act 7076.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

For environmental management, the RDE programs aim to support the Clean Water Act (RA 9275). The RDE program implementation fully observed the Revised Procedural Manual on Environmental Impact Assessment of Department Administrative Order No. 2003-30.

This study therefore is considered to identify the appropriate density of Dipterocarp species for an improved rehabilitation and maximum productivity of the mined-out / waste dump site.

4.6.5.3 Deliverables for Future Projects

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4.6.5.4 Investment Requirements per Year (2017-2021)

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Study 6. Performance of Climax Species Integrated with Existing Pioneer Species in Partially Improved Mined-Out Areas

4.6.6.1 Activities

1. Site Identification

Reconnaissance survey of mined-out area with existing 3-year old Acacia auriculiformis plantation for this study shall be conducted. Study site shall be delineated on the map and the ground before the experimental plot shall be established.

2. Propagation of Planting Materials

Seven treatments shall be used consisting climax tree species as follows: T1 -White lauan (Shorea contorta), T2 – Almon (Shorea almon), T3 – Manggasinoro (Shorea philippinensis), T4 -Molave (vitex parviflora), T5 – Kamagong (Diospyros philippinensis), T5 -Bakan (Litsea philippinensis) and T6 -Nato ( Palaquium luzoniense ) shall be propagated by using vegetative propagation or clones.

3. Experimental Design

The experiment shall be laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replications/blocks and 7 treatments. Thirty test clones per species shall be used with a spacing of 4 m x 4 m or a total of 630 clones, with a total area of 4,320 m2 for the whole study.

4. Establishment of Experimental Plots/Blocks

Each experimental plot has a dimension of 24 m x 20 m or 480 m2 per plot and 1,440 m2 per block and 4,320m2 for the whole study site.

Blocks shall be aspect of the slope of the planting site. One block shall be located in the slope which is facing the north. Block II shall be located in the southern facing aspect. Block III shall be located in the slope facing the west. All the experimental blocks should have more or less the same slope of 30 %.

5. Field Planting

Field planting shall be conducted if possible during the onset of the rainy season to lessen mortality of the cloned seedlings.

6. Data Gathering

Survival data shall be gathered one month after planting and monthly measurement thereafter for six months. Growth data shall be measured three months from out planting and quarterly thereafter for five years.

7. Data Analysis

Appropriate statistical tools shall be used in the analysis of gathered data.

8. IEC Manual

Results of this study shall be packaged for IEC. A draft of policy shall be prepared based on the result of the study. A policy recommendation shall be prepared for the rehabilitation of mined-out areas.

9. Policy Recommendation

Results of the study shall be drafted into policy recommendation for adoption of clients.

4.6.6.2   Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines Mining Act     of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and People’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act 7076

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

For environmental management, the RDE programs aim to support the Clean Water Act (RA 9275). The RDE program implementation fully observed the Revised Procedural Manual on Environmental Impact Assessment of Department Administrative Order No. 2003-30.

4.6.6.3   Deliverables for Future Project

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4.6.6.4 Investment Requirements per Year (2017-2021)

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Study 7. Introduction of Nitrogen Fixing Plants as Nurse Crop for Climax Species to Rehabilitate Mined-Out Areas

4.6.7.1             Activities

1. Reconnaissance Survey

Reconnaissance survey of the site will be conducted together with the representative of mining company.

2. Establishment of the Study

2.1 The study shall be established using the following Nitrogen Fixing Plants as nurse crop:

  • Flemengia
  • Renzonii
  • Madre De Cacao
  • Calleandra
  • Calleandra + Madre De Cacao + Flemengia
  • Flemengia + Renzonii
  • Madre De Cacao + Renzonii
  • Control

2.2 Climax species to be used

The climax species to be used shall be determined during the implementation of the study depending on the fruiting and availability of seeds.

2.3 Field Lay-out

A total of 3,696 m² will be utilized for the study. A simple RCBD will be laid out with three replicates.

2.4 Site Preparation

A spacing of 2 m x 2 m distance will be used and staked for hole preparation.

3. Training

Training shall be conducted for the staff involved in the project to acquaint them on the proper nursery handling and operations.

4. Data Gathering and Analysis

  • For the nurse crop survival count will be monitor and recorded.
  • For climax species height, diameter and percent survival will be assessed and recorded.
  • Soil sampling shall be collected per plot for soil analysis.
  • Data encoding and analysis.

5. Packaging of  IEC Material.

6. Policy document.

4.6.7.2 Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines mining Act of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and people’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act 7076.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

For environmental management, the RDE programs aim to support the Clean Water Act (RA 9275). The RDE program implementation fully observed the Revised Procedural Manual on Environmental Impact Assessment of Department Administrative Order No. 2003-30.

This study aimed to determine to which selected NFP is appropriate to cover climax species in order to have more effective growth and survival performance of climax species in the mined-out areas.

4.6.7.3 Deliverables for Future Projects

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4.6.7.4 Investment Requirements per Year (2017-2021)

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Study 8.     Stabilization of Soil Using Different Bamboo Species in Mine-Waste Dump Area

The large scale mining operators are faced with the problem of rehabilitating mine waste dump areas. This is due to the infertile soil and some metallic contamination of the soil that will hinder survival of plants to nearly impossible. However, in tropical country like the Philippines, everything can be possible if correct choice of plant species is utilized. One of these species is bamboo. They can survive and thrive in conditions where other species cannot. This is due to their genetic make-up and being under the Graminae family. It is known that grasses are first colonizer of infertile lands, hence, their potential in mine waste dump areas is very high. They can produce litter that will render the soil fertile with short duration and has profuse rooting system that will stabilize soil condition.

4.6.8.1 Activities

1. Site Identification

Reconnaissance survey of the existing waste dump area shall be conducted to determine the suitable site for the study. Identified study site will be delineated before the establishment of experimental plots.

2. Propagation of Planting Materials

Four (4) species of bamboo namely: bagakay (Schizostachyum lima), Japanese variegated bamboo (Sasa kurilensis f. Kikan-shiroakebono), Laak (Bambusa philippinensis) and Kawayan tinik (Bambusa lumeana) shall be propagated using vegetative propagation. A two-year old culm must be selected and collected. Collected culms shall be pruned and segmented into one-node or two-node cutting. For better growth development, planting stocks/materials shall be collected during late rainy season. Segmented bamboo shall be potted immediately in a 40 cm x 50 cm plastic bag with ordinary garden soil and then placed in a partially shaded area to improve rooting.

To maintain soil moisture and to ensure that the open internode is always filled with water, potted cuttings shall be watered every day. Fertilizer application shall be done three (3) weeks after potting using inorganic fertilizer ranging from 15 to 20 grams per plant in order to provide nutrients.

3. Experimental Design

The experiment shall be carried out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four treatments per plot replicated five times or a total of 20 treatments. Thirty planting stocks shall be used per treatment or a total of 600 planting stocks for the whole study.

4. Establishment of Experimental Plots/Blocks

A total of 12 plots measuring 20 m x 25 m for a total of 500 sq.m per plot shall be established. Experimental blocks shall be location aspects of the mined out area, eastern, western, northern, southern and northeastern aspect provided all planting sites shall have the same slope at about 25 %.

Soil sample shall be collected in each plot every two years. Composite soil sampling shall be done with six sampling holes per plot or a total of 120 sampling holes. Collected soil samples will be subjected to laboratory analysis to determine the soil properties..

5. Field Planting of Bamboo

Healthy and vigorous planting stocks shall be selected prior to planting at the study site. Planting shall be done during the onset of the rainy season. Planting stocks shall be planted at a spacing   of 5 m x 5 m.

To facilitate growth of the plants, complete fertilizer shall be applied on each plant at 200 grams to 300 grams per plant for one year. Regular monitoring of the study site shall be done to ensure that each plant is in good condition and free from pests and disease.

6. Data Gathering

Data on height growth of the test plant shall be recorded. Initial height of the test plant will be measured one week after field planting from the base of the plant provided with a guide peg up to the youngest leaf. Growth measurement shall be done quarterly. Data on survival and culm production of test plant shall be recorded every quarter.

7. Data Analysis

Appropriate statistical tools shall be used in the analysis of the gathered data. Data gathered will be subjected to analysis of variance. Comparative analysis for different treatment results shall also be done.

8. Preparation of Manual

Results of the study shall be packaged through a manual.

 

4.6.8.2 Policy Directions Based from Priority PPAs

For mineral resources management, the RDE programs aim to support the Philippines Mining Act of 1995 (RA No. 7942) and People’s Small Scale Mining Act of 1991 governed by Republic Act 7076.

For RDE program implementation in specific locations, the applicable provisions of the Local Government Code (RA 7160) is a must to be observed.

For environmental management, the RDE programs aim to support the Clean Water Act (RA 9275). The RDE program implementation fully observed the Revised Procedural Manual on Environmental Impact Assessment of Department Administrative Order No. 2003-30

4.6.8.3 Deliverables for Future Projects

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4.6.8.4 Investment Requirements per Year (2017-2021)

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Study 9.   Improved Productivity of the Social Development and Management Program of  Agriculture Areas at Carmen Copper Corporation

            The large scale mining companies are mandated by law to provide livelihood projects to its stakeholders and communities affected by their mining operations through the Social Development and Management Program (SDMP). Most of these communities are engaged in agricultural production. However, it was observed that many of the members of the community are still considered marginalized due to the low productivity of the agricultural areas within the mining areas. These are inputs provided but they could not sustain productivity. The challenge is on how to stabilize the agricultural area in terms of fertility that will not render the soil unproductive due to compaction if applied with inorganic fertilizer. There are menu of organic products and farming technologies that will serve the purpose of sustainable production. One of those are the application of Sloping Agriculture Land Technology (SALT). This SALT is a combination of soil and water conservation and cropping technology.

4.6.9.1 Activities

1. Consultation with the Stakeholders

To set the proposed joint project into a dynamic motion, consultative meetings shall be conducted with the mining company counterparts for institutional arrangement. Consultative dialogue shall    likewise be conducted with community partners in the area.

The views, opinions, suggestions and recommendations of the stakeholders shall be processed and analyzed. The same shall be referred to the existing policies, laws and orders relative to the management of mined-out areas.

2. Reconnaissance survey of the study site

Reconnaissance survey shall be conducted in the proposed site in partnership with mining company counterpart.

3. Delineation of the study site

The study site with a total area agreed with CCC partners shall be delineated on the     ground. Technical staff shall assist in the delineation using the Global Information System (GIS). A GIS     map shall be prepared for the study for planning purposes.

4. Benchmarking of the study site

The physical, demographic and socio-economic parameters shall be gathered by the    technical staff. These parameters shall be put in database for data management.

5. Database Management

The parameters that will be gathered during benchmarking shall be converted into a database.

6. Capability Building of Technical Staff

The technical staff shall be capacitated through orientation, training or coaching on the various aspects of study implementation.

7. Capacity Building/Skills Enhancement of Stakeholders

The stakeholders together with the project staff shall be capacitated through cross-visits, actual   field demonstration of activities, orientation and on-site study implementation. The concept of action research shall involve the stakeholders in all aspects of study implementation.

8. Establishment of Demonstration Area

Experimental Design:

This study shall be conducted in RCBD with three replications.

Experimental treatments shall be contour strips of different species of nitrogen-fixing            trees as follows: T1 – Flemengia, T2 – Rensonii, T3 – Malunggay, T4 – Calleandra, T5 – Madre     de cacao and T6 – Giant ipil-ipil.

These tree species shall be planted in double strips of hedgerows along the contour of the slope to hold soil in place and to serve as green manure to planted annual crop such as corn, mungbean or pepper. Only one type of crop shall be planted in all treatments and in all blocks in one cropping season.

Blocks shall be slope location, that is, Block 1 – down slope, Block 2, middle slope and Block 3, topmost slope.

Size of Plots

Experimental plots shall have a dimension of 1.25 m x 10 m in length. The 1.25 m x 10 m shall     be planted to seasonal crop while the 0.25 m x 10 m at the edge of the contour shall be planted to   hedgerows of nitrogen-fixing tree species.

Parameters to be assessed

  1. Biomass harvest (green weight in kg) shall be conducted every two months and serve as green manure to seasonal crops.
  2. Harvest of crops shall be conducted every three months. Crop yield in terms of weight (kg) and price shall be determined.

 

The concept of Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT) shall be pilot tested to rehabilitate and improve the productivity of SDMP agriculture areas within the CCC in Toledo City.

General Steps of SALT

The procedure involved in SALT is simple, easily applicable, and low-cost consisting of following basic steps (Tacio 1993, ARLDF 1997, MBRLC 2012).

 Figure 1: Design an A-Frame

  1. Making the A-frame for laying out contour lines across the slope:

The frame can be made of three wooden or bamboo poles (two should be about one meter long each and one about one-half meter long to be used as the crossbar of the frame) nailed or tied together in the shape of a capital letter A with a base of about 90 centimeters. The carpenter’s level is tied on the crossbar.

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Figure 2: Basic A-frame

  1. Finding the contour lines:

One leg of the A-frame is planted on the ground while the other leg is swung until the carpenter’s level shows that both legs are touching the ground on the same level. The spot where the rear leg stands is marked with a stake. The same level finding process is repeated with stakes every 2-3 meters distance along the way until one complete contour line is laid out, and until the whole slope is covered. The closer the contour lines to each other, the more potential erosion control occurs. Also, more nutrient-rich biomass is produced and made available to the crops growing in the all

Figure 3: Laying out a contour line

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Cultivating the contour lines:

One-meter strips along contour lines are ploughed and harrowed until ready for planting. The stakes serve as guide during ploughing.

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Figure 4: Cultivating the contour lines

  1. Plant nitrogen-fixing species:

On each prepared contour line, make two furrows one-half meter apart. Plant the seeds in each furrow so that a thick stand of seedling is grown.

  1. Planting the permanent crops:

The space of the land between the thick double rows of nitrogen-fixing trees is called a

strip, where the crops are planted. Permanent crops may be planted at the same time the seeds of Nitrogen Fixing Trees and Shrubs (NFTS) are sown. Only the strips for planting are cleared and dug; and later, only ring weeding is employed until the nitrogen fixing trees are large enough to hold the soil for full cultivation to begin. Permanent crops are planted in one strip out of every four. This refers to strips 1, 4, 7, 10 and so on. Coffee, banana, citrus, cacao, and others of the same height are good examples of permanent crops. Tall crops are planted at the bottom of the hill and the shorter ones are planted at the top.

 

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Figure 5: Permanent crops planted in every third strip

  1. Cultivating alternate strips:

The soil can be cultivated even before the nitrogen-fixing trees are fully-grown. Cultivation is done on alternate strips, on strips 2, 5, 8 and so on. The uncultivated strips collect the soil that erodes from higher cultivated strips. When the nitrogen-fixing trees are fully grown, every strip can be cultivated.

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Figure 6: Alternating plowed and unplowed strips

vii. Planting the short-term and medium-term crops:

Short- and medium-term income producing crops are planted between strips of permanent crops as source of food and regular income, while waiting for the permanent crops to bear fruit. Suggested crops are pineapple, ginger, sweet potato, peanuts, sorghum, corn, melons, squash, and up land rice, etc.

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Figure 7: Strips of short term plants in between strips of long term crops

viii. Trimming the nitrogen-fixing trees:

Once a month, the continuously growing nitrogen-fixing trees are cut down at a height of one meter from the ground. Cut nitrogen-fixing leaves and twigs are always piled at the base of the crops. They serve as an excellent organic fertilizer for the plants. In this way, only minimal amounts of commercial fertilizer, if any, are necessary.

  1. Management (crop rotation):

The non-permanent crops are always rotated to maintain productivity, fertility and good soil formation. A good way of doing this is to plant grains (sorghum, corn, upland rice, etc.), tubers (sweet potato, cassava, etc.) and other crops (pineapple, squash, melons, etc.) in strips where legumes (beans, peanuts, pulses, etc.) were planted previously and vice versa. Other crop management practices such as weeding, insect and weed control shall also done regularly.

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In the whole process of activity, the partner cooperators/community shall be part of the development/rehabilitation process. Knowledge shall be transferred through actual field demonstration and work on the ground.

9. Analysis of Data

Appropriate statistical tools shall be used in the analysis of data. Rehabilitation treatment      results shall be subjected to analysis of variance or other analysis that will fit to the data   gathered. Comparative analysis for rehabilitation treatments shall also be done.

10. Preparation of Manual

A manual for rehabilitation of specific degraded protected area shall be prepared by the staff. This shall be subjected for critiquing and review prior to final production.

4.6.9.2. Policy Directions based from Priority PPA’s

The newly created Mining and Degraded Areas Rehabilitation Research Center under the Rationalized Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau operates on a national policy to rehabilitate degraded mined-out and degraded areas for environmental protection and socio-economic upliftment towards improved quality of life. To achieve this, the center is mandated to     conduct researches towards generation of technologies related to mining and degraded areas rehabilitation and management in accordance with the national RDE Agenda developed by the bureau.

For RDE program implementation particularly on technology transfer, it shall anchor on the Technology Transfer Act of 2009 and DENR Administrative Order No. 96-27 September 18, 1996, Amending Department Administrative Order No. 44 Series of 1990 for the effective    management of research and development tasks.

4.6.9.3 Deliverables for the study (2017-2021)

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4.6.9.4 Investment Requirements Per Year

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Project 7. Client-Based Technology Transfer and Extension to Stabilize Mined-Out and Degraded Areas

Technology transfer and extension services are important endeavors for MDARRC to provide appropriate technology and information towards the enhanced productivity and sustainability of natural resources and protection of the environment for the improvement of quality of life of our target clientele and stakeholders.

The aim of this program is to contribute to inclusive development in the Philippines through sustainable development. This will be done by effective and efficient dissemination of rehabilitation technologies and information so that these can be appropriately adopted and utilized by stakeholders. These technologies and information will be substantially evaluated using the Technology Assessment Protocol (TAP) prior to transfer and extension to ensure that these can sustainably address the needs of stakeholders. The STEEP process used in the TAP also looks into potential technologies that can be submitted for patenting. With patented technologies, MDARRC will pursue technology promotion to maximize stakeholder’s benefits from generated technologies.

Communication and extension materials and strategies shall be designed to suit specific needs (based on the stakeholder analysis). IEC campaigns and participatory extension initiatives especially for rural   communities are among the activities that have been planned for implementation. Extension work will be   carried out by group of Extension Service Providers (ESPs) or ENR Agents of Change (ENRACs) in   different extension areas equipped with technical and social skills through capacity enhancement to engage them as the Center’s partners in the field.

Furthermore, the existing demonstration areas will be improved and enhanced as this will a learning    destination in promoting ENR technology. Also, establishment of new demonstration area shall be          prioritized as platform to various clients that will help them choose the adoption of the technology.

The program also aims to strengthen the monitoring and post-evaluation (MPE) of technology transfer/utilization/adoption to generate qualitative and quantitative information which will serve as measures of success on technology transfer and extension services. Client feedback/satisfaction is the focus of the MPE project in this program. Such information will be used in continuously improving ENR technologies and extension services as well.

Study 1. Packaging of ENR Technologies for Extension and Production of IEC Materials

This study will look into the sustainable application of generated technologies produced by the various studies conducted by the Center. Hence, they need to undergo thorough assessment to determine the degree of maturity of technologies using the parameters on social acceptability, technical, economic, environmental and political (STEEP) aspects. Likewise, this review is needed in order to recommend actions on a particular technology either to promote for adoption, disseminate the information, use as inputs to the draft policy or package into IEC materials. This evaluation system is what the Technology Assessment Procedure (TAP) for ENR of the ERDB is all about. The application of the TAP guidelines in the ENR Research assures the adherence of a system to assess technologies and recommend appropriate utilization.

 

4.7.1.1 Activities

1. Stakeholder Analysis and Identification of Technology-based Client Needs

The project shall be conducted in any barangays and municipalities where IEC campaigns and other extension activities will be conducted. The stakeholder analysis shall be conducted according to the target IEC campaign message/technology and the corresponding stakeholders.

The following guide shall be undertaken;

  1. Identification of technology/information that will be provided to stakeholders. These should be technologies that have been generated by ERDB through research and development projects and assessed though the Technology Assessment Protocol of ERDB.
  2. Segmentation of stakeholders and identification of the primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders per technology/information.
  3. Identification of appropriate method/s of stakeholder analysis (e.g., survey, focus group discussion, key informant interview, training etc.).
  4. For IEC campaigns, the analysis should consider stakeholders’ level of understanding, cultural preferences, age, among other factors.
  5. Preparation of tools for the stakeholder analysis (survey questionnaire, interview guide, Training Needs Assessment questionnaire, etc.)
  6. Conduct of the stakeholder analysis. For the IEC materials, at least 25 persons must be involved in surveys. While for training, it is recommended that all target participants must be involved in the TNA.

2. Assessment of ENR Technologies

This activity will be guided by the ERDB Memorandum Order Series of            2014 “New Guidelines on the Assessment of ENR Technologies for Packaging and Dissemination and for Other Purposes”

1. Creation of Technology Assessment Team (TAT)

MDARRC shall organize the TAT which shall be chaired by the technology transfer focal person. The Research Center Head may invite resource persons from relevant offices or agencies to assist the Research Center TAT (RC-TAT) in the assessment    activities.

2. Assessment Procedure

The RC-TAT shall perform the initial identification and classification of candidate    technologies based on the characterization submitted by the researcher or technology generator. It shall then conduct the feasibility test using the same criteria in Annex C. The results of the assessment including the necessary documents shall be submitted to the EP-TAT for further review.

3. Processing of Assessed Technologies for Specific End-users

4. The implementation of this activity will be guided by the Annex A of the ERDB Memorandum Order Series of 2014 “New Guidelines on the Assessment of ENR Technologies for Packaging and Dissemination and for Other Purposes”.

5. The technology that undergone assessment in Activity 2 will be packaged according to its type appropriate for the specific end-user like upland and lowland farmers, researcher, extensionists, academe, and policy makers.

3. Production of IEC Materials

The selected information/technologies will be packaged into popularized communication materials that suit the needs of the intended stakeholders/users. The proposed IEC materials for information dissemination include leaflets, fan, technology manuals, audiovisual presentations, comics, and 2016 calendar. Below are production steps that will guide in implementing this project.

Each of the different IEC materials to be produced shall undergo the following process:

  1. Primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders/audience must be identified.
  2. Stakeholder analysis shall be conducted to determine the information needs, level of comprehension of intended stakeholders, cultural preferences, among others.
  3. Results of the analysis shall be the basis in designing the communication material.
  4. After producing the first draft, it will be subjected to technical review by the corresponding subject matter expert in ERDB.
  5. Pre-test will follow and results of which will serve as the basis for revisions, if needed.
  6. The final copy shall be prepared for reproduction. The communication materials, then, will be distributed to its intended users.
  7. To measure its effectiveness/usefulness, a feedback instrument shall be attached to each material. A minimum number of users’ feedback shall be set to serve as the sample size for the evaluation of the feedback gathered.
  8. Results of such evaluation will be a valuable input to future endeavors relative to the production and dissemination of other communication materials on ENR.

4.7.1.2 Policy Directions based from Priority PPA’s

For transfer and extension of technologies, the intellectual Property Code of the Philippines (RA      8293) and research journals and publications are covered by copyright laws.

4.7.1.3 Deliverables for the On-Going and Future Projects

 

On-Going

  1. Conduct of Stakeholder Analysis in the Four Provinces of Region Xl, namely, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur and Compostela Valley.
  2. Identification of technologies based on the results of the stakeholder’s analysis which is focused on rehabilitation of eroded areas and riverbanks.
  3. Assessment of the identified technologies.
  4. Packaging of IEC materials for the two technologies that have been assessed and passed the STEEP criteria

Future Projects

  1. Conduct of Stakeholder Analysis in Region XII. This will be coordinated with the DENR Technical Services in Region XII.
  2. Identification of technologies based on the results of the stakeholder’s analysis.
  3. Assessment of the identified technologies.
  4. Packaging of IEC materials for the identified technologies that have been assessed and passed the STEEP criteria.

4.7.1.4 Investment Requirement Per Year

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Study 2. Promotion and Dissemination of Technologies for Sustainable ENR Management

Continuous effective and efficient promotion and dissemination strategies must be carried out in order to reach more stakeholders. Thus, IEC campaigns which aim to cater to specific sets of stakeholders as well as the general public are necessary. Exhibits, technology expositions, demonstration areas and others are among the means by which specific stakeholders can learn about the Center’s generated technologies. The general public can also be reached through information campaigns through the mass media, e.g., newspapers, television, radio.

Extension strategies, i.e., on-site coaching and technical assistance are also necessary to ensure that technologies transferred are appropriately utilized/adopted by specific stakeholders who have been involved in previous extension efforts. Participatory techniques are important in this endeavor to engage the stakeholders in properly applying the technologies.

New strategies for promotion continue to emerge as the needs of stakeholders/audience also change through time. This is true in this era of the internet wherein the social media is a powerful tool in reaching a multitude of people who have the access of this technology. Thus, a web-based promotion approach is necessary in technology promotion and dissemination.

4.7.2.1 Activities

1. IEC Campaign for Promotion of ENR Technologies

This technology promotion activity will be conducted to intensify stakeholders’ awareness and/or      knowledge of MDARRC’s generated technologies. Thus, the promotional activities shall focus on      technologies generated by MDARRC.

For the exhibits, forum and expo, MDARRC shall be guided with the following in implementing this activity:

  1. Identification of ENR technologies for promotion.
  2. The campaign may be done for a specific technology or a mix of technologies that are needed by the selected group of clients.
  3. Linkage with the institutions/organizations/groups concerned with IEC on ENR.
  4. Design and implementation of appropriate IEC campaigns: i.e., exhibit, technology forum, and technology expo.
  5. Assessment of the IEC campaigns implemented.

For media linkage, partnership with the media must be pursued with the following recommended   steps:

  1. Selection of the reputable media outlets, national or local, with a wide coverage of audience, airs/publishes regular developmental news reports, and conducts regular readership/ listenership/ viewership surveys.
  2. Provision of ERDB’s IEC materials, technical reports for dissemination, and other necessary references.
  3. Invitation of media partners to official events, especially those that will give them an orientation of what the bureau or research center is doing.
  4. Ensure that all information materials that will be published/aired have been approved by the ERDB director or the head of the research center.
  5. Allotment of tokens/job contracts for the media partners/service providers, as allowable under existing auditing rules and regulations.

2. Capacity Building of Stakeholders as Extension Service Providers (ESPs) or ENR Change Agent (ENRAC)

2.1. Selection of ESPs/ENRAC

  1. ESPs/ENRAC could be selected from the technical staff of MDARRC, CBFM- peoples’ organizations, PENRO/CENRO and indigenous peoples’ communities, PARTNER-BOND clients.
  2. ESPs/ENRAC shall be officially assigned after they have completed the capacity enhancement activities.
  3. For ESPs/ENRAC from DENR, a special order shall be prepared designating them as MADARRC’s extensionists for specific technologies.
  4. For non-DENR ESPs, a MOU signed by the ERDB director and LGU                          representative/proper authorities shall be prepared to designate them as extensionists for the specific technologies.
  5. The special order or memorandum of agreement shall include the list of privileges and responsibilities of ESPs/ENRAC.

 

2.2 Capacity Enhancement for ESPs/ENRAC

  1. ESPs/ENRAC needs analysis will be conducted in terms of technical and social skills required for extension work.
  2. Suitable capacity enhancement activities will be designed and implemented for selected ESPs/ENRAC.
  3. A manual for ESPs/ENRAC shall be developed.
  4. Effectiveness of capacity enhancement activities provided for SESPs shall be assessed.

 

3. Participatory Extension of ENR Technologies through PARTNER-BOND Strategy Approaches and Strategies

This will employ primary and secondary data collection through key informant interview (KII) focus group discussion (FGD), exploratory/consultative meeting, dialogue, observation and administration of a survey questionnaire. This will also be done through gathering of existing data and information from the identified and selected LGUs/barangays and other concerned entities.

3.1. Start –up/Baseline Stationer

  1. Identification of target clientele/stakeholders based on developed criteria.
  2. Exploratory meeting/dialogue with the identified clientele/stakeholder to determine their receptiveness to the project.
  3. Stakeholder analysis to determine their Aspiration, Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (AKAP).

3.2 Consensus/Alliance Building

Consultative meeting/Orientation/Levelling-off and focus group discussion (FGD) for  awareness, appreciation and better understanding of what the project is all about to gain champions/advocates of what the project espouses.

3.3 Technology Needs Survey/Assessment (TNS/TNA)

For concerned local key officials and members to identify their priority technology needs that the project could address/provide assistance.

3.4 Capacity Building Initiative

Through the conduct of Training cum hands-on demo on identified priority technology need to build and/or enhance the capacities of the stakeholders.

3.5 Action Planning 

Development of a specific and concrete plan of action to apply what the stakeholders had learned from the training on identified technology need including their perspectives and experiences. The application of the 5 Wives (What, Who, Where, Why and When) and the super Husband (How) were the factors considered in action planning.

An action plan, which is a framework that translates strategies into concrete commitments for action, consists of statement of the objectives; the strategies for accomplishing the set of stated objectives; the schedule of activities and how they will be undertaken and by whom; the funding requirements and the indicators to determine and assess the work done/accomplishments.

3.6 Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) Execution

 For parties concerned to define their specific roles and responsibilities and to elicit strong commitment and partnership in the implementation of the project.

3.7 Push through/Follow-up Extension Activities

To enliven the interest, enhance the capacity and sustain the partnership in the application and adoption of the introduced/promoted technology.

3.8 Progress Tracking/Monitoring

Development and administration of survey questionnaire to stakeholders to initially track the progress of project and to help safeguard the activities from emerging problems and   conflicts, provide direction for smooth implementation of the project and determine the project’s success and failure; learnings and insights gained from its implementation which shall serve as guidepost for future similar undertakings.

 4. Development of Web-based Extension Services on ERDB’s ENR Technologies

Development of the web-based extension services is necessary for ERDB but it must be done with caution in order to ensure that all information that will be uploaded in the internet are accurate, politically correct, and socially/culturally acceptable. The online platform must be designed as an open-access facility so that more information users can be served.

The following procedures are recommended in developing the web-based                                 extension service:

4.1.    Gathering and selection of ENR information that will be uploaded in the online platform based on Technology Assessment results.

4.2.    Selection of the appropriate online platform that will be used for the communication campaign.

4.3.    Formulation of the software/program

4.4.     Popularization of research-based information and design of the graphics that will be used in the campaign.

4.5.     Technical review of the information and graphics by the technology experts and the ETRB.

4.6.     Pretesting of the developed online platform.

4.7.     Revision and finalization of the information and designs.

4.8.     Uploading and linking up with the ERDB website.

4.9.     Linking up with other social networks.

4.10.   Regular updating, monitoring and evaluation of the online campaign.

This activity will be a continuous one. Therefore, a system of information gathering, design, and approval must also be developed and institutionalized at MDARRC including the satellite offices.

5. Technology Promotion through Demonstration Areas

5.1 Assessment of demonstration areas

  1. Assessment of existing demonstration areas as tools for ENR technologies communication/education.
  2. Determine the need for additional demonstration areas

5.2 Guidelines for Maintenance/Establishment of Demonstration Areas

  1. For existing demo areas, regular maintenance activities must be carried out.
  2. Assessment results should serve as a basis in implementing improvements in the area.
  3. For new demo areas to be established, the technology to be demonstrated should have passed the Technology Assessment Protocol.
  4. The area for development should be accessible and if possible near the town proper or capital towns/cities.
  5. The area should be based on the appropriate size as required in technology application. If the technology being demonstrated is on plantation development, it should be not less than one (1) hectare.

5.3 Invitation of visitors to MDARRC’s demonstration areas in coordination with the LESD-   ERDB.

  1. Cooperators from local government or existing community organization should be encouraged in the demo area establishment.

A logbook for visitors should be kept and the information below should be provided.

  • Name
  • Date of visit
  • Office/ Institution/ Address
  • Contact number
  • E-mail address
  • Purpose of visit
  • Referral
  • Remarks/ Impression

5.4. Assessment of the usefulness/effectiveness of the demo areas.

  1. Preparation of assessment tool
  2. Actual assessment of demo areas
  3. Preparation of assessment report

 4.7.2.2 Policy Directions based from Priority PPA’s

For transfer and extension of technologies, the intellectual Property Code of the Philippines (RA      8293) and research journals and publications are covered by copyright laws.

RA10055 or The Technology Transfer law

4.7.2.3 Deliverables for the On-Going and Future Projects

1. Information Education and Communication (IEC) Campaign for Promotion of ENR Technologies

This Extension activity for implementation for CY 2016-2021 aims to enhance clients’ knowledge and skills on the application of the Center’s technologies and determine the level of knowledge of the clients on the application of mature and appropriate technologies. Further, it aims to link up with institutions/groups concerned with IEC on ENR and to evaluate the IEC campaigns implemented.

Deliverables for the whole duration (5 years) of the project are the following:

  • Media linkage/news releases
  • Conduct and organize exhibits on ENR technologies and other projects and programs

 

2. Capacitation of Stakeholders as Extension Service Providers (ESPs) or ENR Change Agents (ENRCA)

This activity aims to accelerate and sustain MDARRC’s technical assistance for clients/users of MDARRC technologies. Specifically, it aims to provide easily accessible and quality technical assistance for clients of MADARRC technologies; enhance technical assistance and social skills of selected SESPs through capacity enhancement activities such as trainings, techno-demonstration and demo-area visits, technical coaching and mentoring; and finally, to strengthen MDARRC collaboration with LGUs, DENR Field Offices and other concerned organizations.

Deliverables for the whole duration (5 years) of the project are the following:

  • Conduct of technology forum on ENR technologies
  • Conduct of Lakbay Aral/Field exposure in ENR learning sites
  • Conduct of technology training/technology demonstration

3. Participatory Extension of ENR Technologies Through PARTNER-BOND Strategy

Generally, this activity aims to enhance partnership with the LGUs through pro-active intervention mechanisms toward the adoption of need-based and demand-led ENR technologies.

The specific objectives include:

  1. To create/raise level of awareness, develop appreciation and interest and facilitate adoption by selected LGUs on need-based and demand-led ENR technologies;
  2. To develop and implement a plan of action guided by the extension procedures and guidelines formulated;
  3. To execute a Memorandum of agreement (MOA) geared towards a sustainable extension partnership between/among ERDB and concerned MDARRC and LGUs;
  4. To promote and facilitate the adoption and management of need-based ENR technologies; and
  5. To gather feedback from the stakeholders and recommend local policy/resolutions.

4. Development of Web-Based Extension Services on ERDB’s ENR Technologies

This ENR promotional activity aims to:

  1. Sustainably promote MDARRC technologies and extension services on environment and natural resources (ENR) sustainable management using the internet.
  2. To provide quick-response services to the queries or concerns of online MDARRC clients.

4.7.2.4 Investment Requirements per year

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Information Education and Communication (IEC) Campaign for Promotion of ENR Technologies

Study 3. Post-Monitoring and Evaluation of Disseminated ENR Technologies

The satisfaction of clients is given emphasis in the indicators of the major final outputs (MFOs) of the Department. One of the possible angles of client satisfaction is how the ENR technologies that were transferred to the clientele became useful or acceptable to them. The post monitoring and evaluation of generated and transferred ENR technologies closes the loop of RDE project continuum. Feedbacks from this M & E will bring in the appropriate signal for the refinement of extension strategies for the identified technologies (retrospect) and to the Technology Generation Phase (prospect) to address ENR issues and concerns based the lessons and success stories (if there are any).

4.7.3.1   Activities:

MDARRC shall select one that was disseminated by any of the former ERDS within their cluster.

Prior to the actual conduct of the post monitoring and evaluation an M & E module shall be initially prepared by the MDARRC Study Leader and shall be finalized in a pre-implementation workshop that will also serve as a leveling off activity among project implementers. The module shall cover determination of the status of technology adoption by clients and identification of their outcomes and impacts. The parameters employed during the assessment prior to dissemination phase or the Technology Assessment Protocol shall be included in the module to determine the aspects with which the technology is viable or otherwise, weak. The module shall be pre-tested and finalized after the necessary revision or improvement.

The actual post monitoring and evaluation of transferred technologies shall be according to the developed module. The feasibility of the ENR technologies shall be analyzed relative to the Technology Assessment Protocol. Appropriate statistical measures and descriptive analysis will be employed for the results. A write shop to integrate project results shall be conducted. As an extended activity of the project, a symposium shall be held to determine and reward exemplary extension cases. Extension workers and selected stakeholders will be invited in the event for them to expound on their extension cases for the appreciation of other extension workers.

The responsibilities of the members of the Project Team are as follows:

  1. Assume overall leadership and support in this undertaking;
  2. Prepare and adhere to the Work and Financial Plan of the Project;
  3. Initially prepare the M & E module for validation in a later workshop;
  4. Facilitate the module validation cum project pre-implementation workshop;
  5. Perform M & E activities for two identified transferred technologies;
  6. Prepare periodic reports as required by ERDB;
  7. Consolidate all data;
  8. Synthesize findings and recommendations and subject the same in a project validation workshop cum write shop for the Terminal Report; and
  9. Prepare and submit the consolidated Terminal Report;

 

The Study Leader shall:

  1. Attend and contribute ideas and suggestions in the project pre-implementation workshop;
  2. Implement the project with regular and downloaded funds in their area of responsibility taking one transferred technology;
  3. Provide technical assistance in the implementation and the monitoring and evaluation activities of the project;
  4. Prepare periodic technical, financial and other reports;
  5. Synthesize the findings and prepare terminal report for the assigned transferred technology as an independent project;
  6. Conduct validation workshop/write shop to integrate overall project results.

 

4.7.3.2   Policy Directions based from Priority PPA’s

For transfer and extension of technologies, the intellectual Property Code of the Philippines (RA 8293) and research journals and publications are covered by copyright laws.

4.7.3.2 Deliverables for the On-Going and Future Projects

1. Hands-on Training on the focused ENR Technology:

To enhance the adoption of the technology, a hands-on training shall be conducted which      is found to be more effective in transferring the technology than classroom discussion type. There will be post training follow-up from the MDARRC Extension Team to verify     if they have applied what they have learned.

2. Field Validation Using the Module/Questionnaire

The pre tested module/questionnaire shall be the instrument used in this study.

3. Data Analysis and Interpretation

Data gathered will be collated, analyzed and interpreted accordingly. The report shall consist of graphical, textual and tabular presentation with statistical measures to have scientific basis of the study.

4. Conduct of Symposium on Best Practices on Adopted Technology

Pre-symposium activities shall include leg-working and linkaging with LGUs, GOs, academe, Pos and other enthusiasts of the technology in focus. The highlight shall be the presentation and sharing of best practices with the mounting of exhibit to illicit awareness and appreciation of the technology. Other IEC materials pertaining to the technology shall also be distributed among the clients.

5. Packaging of Terminal Reports/Publication

Reports shall be prepared monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annually. Results of the study shall be packaged into articles for publication

4.7.3.3 Investment Requirements Per Year

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4.7.3.4 On-Going and Pipeline Projects

1. Community Organizing and Technical Assistance

Prior to implementation of any extension activities among stakeholders/clients, there is a      need to assist organizing and mobilizing the communities into a bona fide associationor an income generating cooperative.

2. Traveling Information Caravan

To create/raise level of awareness, develop appreciation and interest on the environmental    protection and adoption of technology a regular traveling information caravan shall      continuously be pursued regionwide especially on areas beset with environmental hazards.

4.7.3.5 Investment Requirements Per Year (2016-2019)

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