Project Execution/Methods in Project Implementation
Mine and degraded area rehabilitation should establish land use values equal to or better than those existing before the area was abandoned and devastated.
MDARRC believe that the rehabilitation of mined, quarried, abandoned and degraded land area is a visual reminder to the government (National and Local), industry key players, stakeholders and local communities of the advantages of implementing a sound and holistic Research, Development and Extension (RDE) programs. RDE is a vital strategy towards rehabilitation to improve the visual aspect of the landscape, bringing back the original vegetation to near original status and reduces residual dust emissions and topsoil erosion and riverbed sedimentation,
Our vision is to return mined, quarried, abandoned degraded land areas to either the same or better than its pre-mined and healthy condition. Rehabilitation typically involves contouring of land, adding native topsoil and re-seeding with plant species native to the area or using the land for pasture, perennial crops or forest protection and production purposes.
Our approach is land use analysis and planning for long and short term research strategies for the economic productivity and environmental protection of these altered ecosystem inclusive of mined-out areas, protected areas, grasslands, water bodies Related to this, is the development of a database that will capture the current state of the area through the conduct of base lining and benchmarking to ensure that the strategies that will be implemented in a certain area to be rehabilitated are appropriate and sustainable and acceptable to the communities. Capability building and training of partners, stakeholders and target beneficiaries is a vital component of a workable RDE program.
Initially, MDARRC covers four areas to address, namely, degraded protected areas, water pollution of water bodies, degraded mangrove areas and degraded community-based forest management areas that require rehabilitation. However, starting CY 2016 and the next five years, MDARRC will focus its RDE projects on mined-out and quarried areas, soil amelioration of degraded uplands, grazing lands and degraded and abandoned mined-out lands. Technologies on these areas should be generated to accelerate land productivity and provide economic opportunities for farmers and stakeholders at the same time conserving the integrity of the environment.
The upgrading of research facilities is a priority to ensure that the implementation of the RDE programs is effectively addressed. With the emerging global, national and local concern, there is a pressing need to acquire state of the art scientific equipment and instruments and maintenance of existing ones. Acquisition of motor vehicles for easy mobility; building of additional infrastructure to facilitate the efficient conduct of RDE activities. Upgrading and rehabilitation of existing facilities and establishment of modern research laboratories are included in this roadmap.
This short-medium term (2016-2021) RDE framework on rehabilitation of mine-out and degraded areas, incorporates the five year investment scheme and annual rehabilitation plans to ensure the strategies and overall annual targets are achieved. MDARRC values and promotes that rehabilitation must be managed by establishing a clear overall plan, policy, process and procedure working toward and driving a vision of continuous improvement.
Framework of Collaboration/Networking Strategies with Stakeholders
Collaboration is a participatory process whereby people, groups and organizations work together to achieve desired results. MDARRC shall adopt a culture of collaborative efforts thru networking, alliance, partnership, coalition and other collaboration depending on what will work best with the concerned RDE being implemented to ensure maximum participation of the stakeholders in all levels of the program.
Figure 1 shows the five levels of relationships and the purpose, structures, and processes for each level.
The above comprehensive matrix shall be the guide for all Researchers/Project/Study leaders to form new collaborations, enhance existing efforts and/or evaluate the progress of developing collaborations.
5.3 Mechanisms and Processes
MDARRC is currently engaged in a number of research studies designed to generate information and develop technologies for the rehabilitation of mined out areas, degraded community-based forest management areas, quarried areas, grazing lands and abandoned areas that will improve soil fertility, boost productivity of the ecosystem and improve biodiversity over successive generations. The output will help the end users and target beneficiaries select the best management strategies to correct productivity problems in selected key sites, and should be relevant as well to the local government units and policymakers.
The mechanisms for the implementation of this RDE program involves submission of a Calendar Year Work and Financial Plan which indicates criteria or indicators for each activity that will be undertaken to accomplish certain targets. Moreover, corresponding budgetary requirements shall be indicated to accomplish each activity. Another tool being developed is a promising approach that combines geographical information systems (GIS) and geo-tagging or geo-referencing. Eventually it should enable researchers to map out research sites or study locations for easier monitoring and field evaluation.
The main theme that cuts across MDARRC’s RDE projects involves socio-economic approaches that would provide support to reclaim degraded lands and provide livelihood to communities. Degraded lands and mined-out areas in mountainous and hilly areas account for more than 60 percent of the country’s total land area, and there is an immediate need to encourage productive use of this land, especially by small-scale miners and marginal farmers. Tree planting is a highly favored solution, but there is concern about the sustainability of tree planting on such lands specifically in mined -out areas and eroded sites. The Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau (ERDB) have produced quite a number of technologies, but a major problem is how to apply these technologies at a wide scale and in ways that are appropriate for selected areas.